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How to Landscape

Post 28 of 41

No outdoor space designed for living is complete unless it is integrated into the environment. As there are principles for planning the interior space also for the exterior space there are certain guidelines. Here is what you need to know about how to landscape.

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First you must evaluate the landscape. Landscaping should provide a framework, at least in theory, for fitting out the living space outdoors. Opinions, guidelines, choosing the configuration and composition models should be harmonized and result in a positive atmosphere in the environment. To effectively apply the principles of this discipline, spend some time to familiarize with the landscape and note its characteristics: which are its qualities; which are the most beautiful views; if there are any natural elements such as trees or watercourses (river, stream), etc. Consider the size and shape of the space outside, the architectural style of the house, but also your lifestyle needs and personal preferences.

Another thing you must know about how to landscape is how to balance items. This principle refers to the arrangement of various elements of the outdoor area so that they are stable and balanced visually. A large or heavy object can be balanced visually by a smaller and lighter one. Also, you need to consider if the object is darker, has an unusual or irregular shape, has a contrasting texture or has elaborated details. All these details will help attract attention on the small object and, therefore, to create visual balance with the large object. You have to know how to plant spring flowers next to summer ones, or perennial flowers next to annual ones, so there isn’t one spot in your garden left without decoration throughout the year.

How to create a uniform design is also an important thing you must consider if you want to learn how to landscape. Harmony can be achieved by selecting and using those elements that have common characteristics. Using similar elements in size, shape, color, material, texture or detail you can create a sense of cohesion and relationship between various elements of the landscape. The square is an example of using the shape as a unifying element. For example, you have a square-shaped courtyard, and in it there is a square table, covered with a checkered tablecloth. The result of this combination will be a very pleasant and harmonious picture.

Simplicity is one of the hardest things to do in design, because there is a tendency to use all elements and tools available. The most elegant landscapes are those whose design begin and end with the guiding principle, simplicity. This is also an important thing to consider if you want to learn how to landscape.